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Saturday, May 2, 2020 | History

1 edition of Is there a cerebral hemispheric specialization in nonhuman primates? found in the catalog.

Is there a cerebral hemispheric specialization in nonhuman primates?

symposium held during the VII Congress of the International Primatological Society, Bangalore, India, June, 8-12, 1979

by

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  • 13 Currently reading

Published by University of Tuebingen in Tuebingen .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Primates -- Physiology -- Congresses.,
  • Cerebral dominance -- Congresses.,
  • Cerebral hemispheres -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    Statementcontributions by M.J. Lemay ... [et al.] ; edited by, B. Preilowski & H.-C. Engele.
    ContributionsLeMay, M. J., Preilowski, B., Engele, H.-C.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQL737.P9 I7 1981
    The Physical Object
    Pagination73 p. :
    Number of Pages73
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3100218M
    LC Control Number82205358

    Nine Science Advocacy Groups Release White Paper on the Critical Role of Nonhuman Primates (NHPs) in Scientific and Medical Research The paper highlights the essential role NHPs play in finding treatments for serious and life-altering conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, Zika virus, HIV/AIDS and Parkinson’s disease WASHINGTON. 4. Understand the role of hemispheric specialization in different cognitive domains 5. Explain how hemispheric specialization plays a role in thinking about ourselves and others 6. Explain the evolutionary bases of hemispheric specialization 7. Recognize the ways in which hemispheric specialization sheds light on consciousness 1. Dr. (Nonhuman) Primate Natural History and Taxonomy Why Study Nonhuman Primates? • Humans are primates and the first members of our species were probably more similar to nonhuman primates than modern day humans • Basically, they can provide clues to help reconstruct the lifeways of our earliest ancestors Did We Evolve from Apes? • Not exactly. there are non-human primates, including Rhesus monkeys, squirrel monkeys, macaques and marmosets - very small monkeys - used there. Dead monkey raises alarms; Primate lab gets USDA citation The gyration of the insula was simple in the non-human primates, in .


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Is there a cerebral hemispheric specialization in nonhuman primates? Download PDF EPUB FB2

In the past years, there has been a plethora of research in animals on the topic of whether population-level asymmetries in behavioral processes or neuro-anatomical structures exist in animals, notably primates and people have begun to question the historical assumptions that hemispheric specialization is unique to humans.

Get this from a library. The evolution of hemispheric specialization in primates. [William D Hopkins; American Society of Primatologists.;] -- Hemispheric specialization, and lateralized sensory, cognitive or motor function of the left and right halves of the brain, commonly manifests in humans as right-handedness and left hemisphere.

Get this from a library. The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates. [William D Hopkins] -- Hemispheric specialization, and lateralized sensory, cognitive or motor function of the left and right halves of the brain, commonly manifests in humans as right-handedness and left hemisphere.

In book: Animal Models of Human Emotion and Cognition, Chapter: Nonhuman primates as models of hemispheric specialization, Publisher: New York: APA Books, Editors: M. Haug & R.E. Whalen, pp The human behavioral repertoire greatly exceeds that of nonhuman primates. Anatomical specializations of the human brain include an enlarged neocortex and prefrontal cortex (Semendeferi et al.

in Am J Phys Anthropol –, ), but regional enlargements alone cannot account for these vast functional heric specialization has long believed to be a major contributing Cited by: Hemispheric specialization is not only the domain of human and non-human primates.

There are other instances of laterality in lower animals outside the auditory system, from chicks and spatial memory, to inhibitory avoidance in rats (Vallortigara, ; Coleman-Mesches and McGaugh, ; and others in Cited by: 8.

The human behavioral repertoire greatly exceeds that of nonhuman primates. Anatomical specializations of the human brain include an enlarged neocortex and prefrontal cortex (Semendeferi et al. in Am J Phys Anthropol –, ), but regional enlargements alone cannot account for these vast functional differences.

Hemispheric specialization has long believed to be a major Cited by: Erratum to: Multi-region hemispheric specialization differentiates human from nonhuman primate brain function Article (PDF Available) in Brain Structure Is there a cerebral hemispheric specialization in nonhuman primates?

book Function (6) August with Is there a cerebral hemispheric specialization in nonhuman primates?. In P. Seth (Ed.), Perspectives in primate biology (pp. New Delhi: T & T by: 7.

Although the left temporal pole hemispheric specialization was missing in the split-brain monkeys, there was still a stronger activation in the right hemisphere in many parts of the superior temporal gyrus (STG), i.e., auditory cortex, than on the : Poremba, Amy.

Agustín Fuentes completed a B.A. in Zoology and Anthropology, and an M.A.& Ph.D. in Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. His research and teaching interests include the evolution of social complexity in human and primate societies, conflict negotiation across primates, including humans, and reproductive behavior and by:   Each compared left and right hemispheric networks contained the same number of anatomic homolog regions (i.e., 45 for humans or 88 for the nonhuman primate).

Note a prevalence of positive bar values, indicating a consistent lateralization to the right by: The 2e of the gold standard text in the field, Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research provides a comprehensive, up-to-date review of the use of nonhuman primates in biomedical research.

The Biology and Management volume provides basic information on the natural biology of nonhuman primates and the current state of knowledge regarding captive management. F or more than years, scientists have known that the left and right sides of the human brain are not identical.

Some structures exist in both hemispheres but differ in size, and many functions are different on the left and the right. We refer to this difference as hemispheric specialization or, more generally, brain lateralization. Auditory processing and hemispheric specialization in non-human primates.

Poremba A(1). Author information: (1)Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IAUSA. [email protected] by: 8. and cellular organization, are presented.

Although there are few studies of microstructrual asymmetries in nonhuman primates, it is argued that such studies are important for validating morphological asymmetries as well as for understanding the cellular basis for hemispheric specialization in.

The Hemispheric Specialization of the Human Brain 5 infants. Battro (24) found logical and spatial operations (as measured by Piagetian tests) to be lateralized in opposite hemispheres in children years of age.

Right hemisphere specialization for tactile-spatial processing in 4- and 5-year-olds were. Review A review of lateralization of spatial functioning in nonhuman primates Anna Oleksiaka,b,⁎, Albert Postmac,d, Ineke J.M. van der Hamc, P. Christiaan Klinka,b, Richard J.A.

van Wezela,b,e aUtrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Sorbonnel CA Utrecht, The Netherlands bHelmholtz Institute, Functional Neurobiology, Utrecht. HEMISPHERIC DIFFERENCES IN NUMERICAL COGNITION: A COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION OF HOW PRIMATES PROCESS NUMEROSITY by JONATHAN PAUL GULLEDGE Under the Direction of David A.

Washburn ABSTRACT Four experiments, using both humans and monkeys as participants, were conducted to investigate the similarities and differences in human and nonhuman primateCited by: 3. A primate (/ ˈ p r aɪ m eɪ t / PRY-mayt) (from Latin primat- from primus: "prime, first rank") is a eutherian mammal constituting the taxonomic order es arose 85–55 million years ago first from small terrestrial mammals, which adapted to living in the trees of tropical forests: many primate characteristics represent adaptations to life in this challenging environment Class: Mammalia.

Field Study- There are significant difficulties in studying nonhuman primates in the wild. First, the primatologist must accustom the animals to his or her presence. This is a slow process that can take months or even years.

Only once habituated can the primates. Brain Hemispheric Structural Efficiency and Interconnectivity Rightward Asymmetry in Human and Nonhuman Primates Yasser Iturria-Medina 1, Alejandro Pe´rez Ferna´ndez 2,3, David M. Morris 4,5, Erick J. Canales-Rodrı´guez 6,7, Hamied A. Haroon 4,5.

Humans share a small set of basic emotions with other nonhuman primates b. humans and nonhuman primates share all basic emotions and more c. humans and nonhuman primates do not share any emotions d. we cannot ultimately know if nonhuman primates experience emotions in a.

Cognitive specialization suggests that certain behaviors, often in the domain of social communication, are passed on to offspring and refined to be maximally beneficial by the process of natural selection. Specializations serve an adaptive purpose for an organism by allowing the organism to be better suited for its habitat.

Over time, specializations often become essential to the species. Introduction. There is something of a tradition to regard cerebral asymmetry as a uniquely human attribute, making humans a distinctively lopsided ape [e.g., Corballis, ].

Crow [] goes so far as to claim that cerebral asymmetry even defines Homo sapiens as a distinct species, and carries with it such distinctively human characteristics as language, theory of mind, and a disposition to Cited by: 7. function in humans.

In The Decline and Fall of Hemispheric Specialization, Efron questions whether there is any good evidence at all for the concept of hemispheric "specialization." It is important to note at the outset that Efron does not argue that the hemispheres are identical in either function or anatomy.

In addition, 47 percent of nonhuman primates, s individuals, were subjected to painful and distressful experiments in Primates are increasingly used in pharmaceutical and bioterrorism experiments, and researchers continue to promote the “development of a portfolio of non-human primate models for a variety of human diseases and.

Emory University Health Sciences Center. (, October 14). Researchers Discover Genes That Distinguish Human, Nonhuman Primate Brains.

ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 1, from edaily. Comparative Primate Psychology D Maestripieri, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA there are subfields specializing in the study of particular groups of animals.

For example, the comparative psychology of nonhuman primates is sometimes called behav-ioral primatology, or simply primatology. INVESTIGATION OF GESTURAL VS VOCAL ORIGINS OF LANGUAGE IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES Human language is an extraordinary and unique means of communication involving left-hemispheric specialization for both production and comprehension, and specific properties such as intentionality, flexibility, categorization, referential properties, etc.

right-hemispheric specialization for spatial attention to be unrelated to handedness (Badzakova-Trajkov, Roberts, Häberling, & Corballis, ). Brain-imaging provides the opportunity for a more fine-grained analysis of cerebral asymmetries, increasingly focused on.

Still unresolved, though, and even magnified by that decision, was the question of monkeys and other nonhuman primates, of whom more t are used in research in the United States alone.

Southwest National Primate Research Center receives continued full accreditation from international laboratory animal care association. April 2, UW Researchers Look for Best Way to Diagnose Tuberculosis.

April 2, ONPRC Scientists Studying Nonhuman Primates to Understand Reproduction and Development in Women. March, Ma repeatedly claimed that there is observational and experimental evidence that apes have mental state concepts, such as “want” a nd “know.” Unlike research on the development of theory of mind in childhood, however, no substantial progress has been made through this work with nonhuman primates.

However, Bradshaw and Rogers's main objection is that there is much clearer evidence for cerebral than for manual asymmetries in nonhuman primates, and even among humans more are left-hemisphere dominant for language than are right-handed.

They conclude, and I agree, that manual asymmetries are secondary to cerebral ones. Primatology is the study of primates. It includes everything from genetics and physiology to behavior and learning.

Primates are an order that includes over species and subspecies of prosimian, monkey, and ape. Although humans are primates, the study of primatology tends to focus on non-human animals.

The primate species range from primitive species like the lemurs of. About this Document. This publication updates AWIC's Environmental Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates Resource Guide, June It covers literature published from to July This document includes links to the draft policy published in the Federal Register on J by the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Animal Care.

from primates in their lack of sophisticated brain structures, less developed immune systems and motor skills, and differences in how their metabolism functions, among other traits. To cite an example, rodent brains are very different from human brains. The rodent lacks the prefrontal cortex specialization that is found in monkeys and Size: 1MB.

Theories on visual perception agree that scenes are processed in terms of spatial frequencies. Low spatial frequencies (LSF) carry coarse information whereas high spatial frequencies (HSF) carry fine details of the scene. However, how and where spatial frequencies are processed within the brain remain unresolved questions.

The present review addresses these issues and aims to identify the Cited by: See our list of references on the topic of Health and Welfare Research in Captive and Wild Monkeys.

The NPRCs provide superior animal care. Nonhuman primates that participate in research are provided excellent veterinary medical care by veterinarians who are board certified by the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM), which is a specialty board recognized by the American.

1. The rise of a neuroethology of the dual brain Research on the topic of cerebral lateralization has been characterized by periodic peaks and troughs in level of in-terest. For iCited by: 1.The total number of nonhuman primates in research in (the most recent year for which figures are available), according to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).

This figure—which does not even include the substantial number of primates who are not presently assigned to research.Nonhuman Primates And Research An Animal Rights Article from FROM.

Ray Greek, M.D. on National Anti-Vivisection Society July Dr. Greek discusses a recent report from the EU Scientific Committee. The European Union Scientific Committee has recently released a report on using nonhuman primates in research and drug testing.